Type 2 Diabetes – Are you at risk?

Could you be suffering from Diabetes Type 2?

Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes, and usually affects older adults.  However, there are increasing numbers of younger people and even children who are developing Type 2 Diabetes. 

Type 2 is increasing at the fastest rate and accounts for 85% of all diabetes (Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational).   It is also the fastest growing chronic condition globally.

The major problem is that it can remain undiagnosed whilst causing damage to our body.

Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Australia suggests that

  • 280 Australians develop diabetes every day. That’s one person every five minutes
  • Around 1.7 million Australians have diabetes. This includes all types of diagnosed diabetes (1.2 million known and registered) as well as silent, undiagnosed type 2 diabetes (up to 500,000 estimated)
  • More than 100,000 Australians have developed diabetes in the past year
  • For every person diagnosed with diabetes there is usually a family member or carer who also ‘lives with diabetes’ every day in a support role. This means that an estimated 2.4 million Australians are affected by diabetes every day
  • Total annual cost impact of diabetes in Australia estimated at $14.6 billion

Although Type 2 usually results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, the risk is dramatically increased with lifestyle factors such as:

  • high blood pressure,
  • poor diet and exercise regimes,
  • being overweight especially carrying extra weight around the waist

What causes Type 2 Diabetes?

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes some insulin but it is not produced in the amount your body needs and it does not work effectively.  Type 2 Diabetes can develop over a long period of time and during this time ‘insulin resistance’ starts to the point where the insulin does not manage blood glucose levels effectively.

How to manage Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes can be managed with a change to a healthier lifestyle.  That means making better food choices and exercising regularly.  However, medication may also be required so discuss this with your doctor who can develop the best strategies for avoiding or managing the disease.

Symptoms can include:-

  • Feeling thirsty all the time
  • Passing urine more frequently
  • Gradually putting on weight
  • Mood swings
  • Dizziness
  • Lethargy
  • Blurred vision
  • Leg cramps
  • Headaches

If you are suffering some of these symptoms make an appointment with your doctor

A simple blood test measuring the amount of glucose in your blood to start with can determine if you are suffering from Type 2 diabetes.  Other tests can be undertaken if required by your doctor.

If you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes, here are some tips for your diet to help manage your Diabetes.


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Do you suffer from Type 2 Diabetes?  If so, tell us how you cope with it.


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9 thoughts on “Type 2 Diabetes – Are you at risk?

  1. Bren Pace

    Hi Sue,

    Thank you for sharing this. My hubs recently found out his glucose levels were out of whack. Doc said he was pre-diabetic. We’ve changed up his diet quite a bit and am hoping that it’s just the trick to keep diabetes away. However, I think it’s genetic with some, right?

    Great information. Thank you again.

    1. Sue Loncaric Post author

      Oh I hope he will be okay Bren. My husband was very overweight so has Diabetes 2 but he has lost 15kgs so with medication and exercise he is keeping it under control. All the best to you both and yes genetics can play a part as well.

    1. Sue Loncaric Post author

      Hi Shirley! It is all about educating each other isn’t it. Forewarned is forearmed as the saying goes. Have a great day!

  2. Dr. Aletha Oglesby

    Sue this is an excellent review of an important medical topic . I would add that our goal in treating diabetes is not only to clear up those symptoms you listed, but to prevent the serious complications of diabetes- heart disease, kidney dysfunction, vision loss , and loss of limbs due to vascular disease and nerve damage. Also people should know that certain ethnic groups are at higher risk of developing diabetes; in the United States those are African Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans. I would guess the same is true in Australia. Thanks for sharing this information.

    1. Sue Loncaric Post author

      Thank you and I feel honoured that you as a doctor felt the review of Type 2 Diabetes was ‘excellent’. Perhaps I should add your paragraph to the post to complete it. I did read about ethnic groups- sometimes you wonder why that is don’t you? Thank you for stopping by and I appreciate your comment. Have a lovely day!


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